Executive Power of Russia
Executive Power Summary | The President | Prime Minister | The Russian Government | Sources |
Last updated: December 2, 2016
According to Chapter 6 of the Russian Constitution the superior body of the Russian federal executive power is the Government of the Russian Federation.
The Russian Government comprises the Chairman of the Russian Government (Prime Minister), Deputy Prime Ministers and Federal Ministers.
In Russia the activities of the Government are factually led and supervised by the President of the Russian Federation, who defines key directions of the domestic and foreign policy and secures effective operations and interactions between the state bodies under Chapter 4 of the Constitution.
The President appoints the Prime Minister subject to approval of the State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian Parliament, and approves candidates for the positions of the Deputy Prime Ministers and Federal Ministers. He has the right to act as the Chairperson at the meetings of the Government. The decrees and orders of the President have a nature of executive power acts.
The President of the Russian Federation is presently Mr. Vladimir Putin.
The Head of the Russian Government (Prime Minister of Russia) is presently Mr. Dmitry Medvedev.
Photo sources: kremlin.ru and government.ru under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (pictures rescaled).
The major federal bodies of executive power subordinate to the Government are federal ministries, services and agencies.
- Ministries are responsible for elaboration of the state policy and regulations in designated fields. They also coordinate and control activities of incorporated services and agencies (there is also a number of agencies and services that are not incorporated into ministries).
- Services are responsible for control and supervision over execution of regulations in designated fields.
- Agencies are responsible for law enforcement, rendering state services and state property management in designated fields.
At the regional level the state executive power is represented by governments of the subjects of the Federation (85 in total). The regional governments are led by governors that are typically elected either by means of the popular vote or via voting in regional parliaments depending on legislation of a specific subject of the Federation.