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Executive Power of Russia

Executive Power Summary | The President | Prime Minister | The Russian Government | Sources |


Last updated: December 2, 2016


Government Structure

Changes in the Russian Government

Competences and Responsibilities

Ministries, Agencies and Services




Government Structure



Photo source: government.ru under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The present Government was appointed on May 21, 2012, and its term of office will end on May 7, 2018 synchronously with term of office of Mr. Vladimir Putin, the present Russian President.



Changes in the Russian Government



On November 30, 2016 Mr. Maxim Oreshkin, the former Deputy Minister of Finance, was appointed for the position of the Minister of Economic Development.[10]

Mr. Oreshkin, 34, graduated from the Higher School of Economics in 2004 (Master’s degree). In 2002-2006 he was employed at the Russian Central Bank, and by 2006 he had reached position of the Head of the Sector. In 2006 Mr. Oreshkin decided to continue his career at RosBank, which he left in 2010 in the position of Executive Director. In 2010-2012 he acted as the Head of Analytical Department at Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank (Russia and CIS division of Credit Agricole). In June 2012 he was offered the position of the Chief Economist in VTB Capital, where he worked until August 2013. In September 2013 Mr. Oreshkin changed the place of employment to the Ministry of Finance obtaining position of the Director of Department of Long-Term Strategic Planning. In May 2015 he was promoted to the Deputy Minister of Finance.

On November 15, 2016 Mr. Eugeny Yelin, formerly Deputy Minister of Economic Development, was appointed Acting Minister of Economic Development.[11]

On November 14, 2016 Mr. Alexey Ulyukaev, the Russian Minister of Economic Development, was detained as a result of the USD 2 million bribery case in relation to RosNeft-Bashneft transaction approval.[12] On November 15, 2016 he was dismissed from his position by the Russian President Vladimir Putin due to “the lack of trust”[13].

On October 19, 2016 it was announced that the new position of Deputy Prime Minister responsible for sport, tourism and the youth policy was introduced at the Russian Government. Mr. Vitaly Mutko, previously the Minister of Sport, was appointed for that position.[14] At the position of the Minister of Sport he was replaced by Mr. Pavel Kolobkov, his former deputy and the Olympics 2004 winner in fencing.

On August 19, 2016 Mr. Dmitry Livanov was replaced at the position of the Minister of Education and Science with Ms. Olga Vasilieva.[15] Ms. Vasilieva is a doctor of historical sciences (focus on the Russian Orthodox Church history in the 20th century) and professor of Moscow University of the Humanities and Economy. She was formerly employed at the Administration of the President at the position of Deputy Head of Department on Public Projects. Mr. Livanov was subsequently appointed to the position of Special Representative of the President on Trade and Economic Relations with Ukraine.



Competences and Responsibilities



Under Chapter 6 of the Russian Constitution, the Government has the following major competences and responsibilities:

The Government issues resolutions and orders based on the Constitution, federal laws, and decrees of the President and secures their execution.



Ministries, Agencies and Services



There are following federal ministries with subordinated agencies and services under the Government of the Russian Federation (the English names are from the official web site of the Government of the Russian Federation[16]):

Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Civil Defence, Emergencies and Disaster Relief of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation

Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East

Ministry of North Caucasus Affairs

Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation

There is also a number of federal agencies and services that are not subordinate to the Russian ministries, specifically:



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