Executive Power of Russia
Executive Power Summary | The President | Prime Minister | The Russian Government | Sources |
Last updated: December 2, 2016
Photo source: government.ru under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The present Government was appointed on May 21, 2012, and its term of office will end on May 7, 2018 synchronously with term of office of Mr. Vladimir Putin, the present Russian President.
Changes in the Russian Government
On November 30, 2016 Mr. Maxim Oreshkin, the former Deputy Minister of Finance, was appointed for the position of the Minister of Economic Development.
Mr. Oreshkin, 34, graduated from the Higher School of Economics in 2004 (Master’s degree). In 2002-2006 he was employed at the Russian Central Bank, and by 2006 he had reached position of the Head of the Sector. In 2006 Mr. Oreshkin decided to continue his career at RosBank, which he left in 2010 in the position of Executive Director. In 2010-2012 he acted as the Head of Analytical Department at Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank (Russia and CIS division of Credit Agricole). In June 2012 he was offered the position of the Chief Economist in VTB Capital, where he worked until August 2013. In September 2013 Mr. Oreshkin changed the place of employment to the Ministry of Finance obtaining position of the Director of Department of Long-Term Strategic Planning. In May 2015 he was promoted to the Deputy Minister of Finance.
On November 14, 2016 Mr. Alexey Ulyukaev, the Russian Minister of Economic Development, was detained as a result of the USD 2 million bribery case in relation to RosNeft-Bashneft transaction approval. On November 15, 2016 he was dismissed from his position by the Russian President Vladimir Putin due to “the lack of trust”.
On October 19, 2016 it was announced that the new position of Deputy Prime Minister responsible for sport, tourism and the youth policy was introduced at the Russian Government. Mr. Vitaly Mutko, previously the Minister of Sport, was appointed for that position. At the position of the Minister of Sport he was replaced by Mr. Pavel Kolobkov, his former deputy and the Olympics 2004 winner in fencing.
On August 19, 2016 Mr. Dmitry Livanov was replaced at the position of the Minister of Education and Science with Ms. Olga Vasilieva. Ms. Vasilieva is a doctor of historical sciences (focus on the Russian Orthodox Church history in the 20th century) and professor of Moscow University of the Humanities and Economy. She was formerly employed at the Administration of the President at the position of Deputy Head of Department on Public Projects. Mr. Livanov was subsequently appointed to the position of Special Representative of the President on Trade and Economic Relations with Ukraine.
Competences and Responsibilities
Under Chapter 6 of the Russian Constitution, the Government has the following major competences and responsibilities:
- Elaboration of the federal budget, its presentation to the State Duma, assurance of its execution and appropriate reporting to the Duma;
- Presentation of annual reports on results of the Government’s activities to the State Duma, including issues that were raised by the Duma;
- Securing implementation of unified financial, credit and monetary policy in the country;
- Securing implementation of unified state policy in the fields of culture, science, education, healthcare, social security and environmental protection;
- Federal property management;
- Implementation of measures aimed at provision of national defence, national security and implementation of foreign policy of the state;
- Implementation of measures aimed at provision of law enforcement, rights and freedoms of citizens, protection of property and public order and crime fighting;
- Other authorities provided by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and decrees of the President.
The Government issues resolutions and orders based on the Constitution, federal laws, and decrees of the President and secures their execution.
Ministries, Agencies and Services
There are following federal ministries with subordinated agencies and services under the Government of the Russian Federation (the English names are from the official web site of the Government of the Russian Federation):
Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation
Ministry of Civil Defence, Emergencies and Disaster Relief of the Russian Federation
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
- Federal Agency for the Commonwealth of Independent States, Compatriots Living Abroad, and International Cultural Cooperation.
Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation,
- Federal Service for Technical and Export Control of the Russian Federation,
- Federal Agency for Special Construction.
Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation
- Federal Penitentiary Service,
- Federal Bailiff Service.
Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Supervision of Healthcare,
- Federal Medical-Biological Agency.
Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation
- Federal Archival Agency,
- Federal Agency for Tourism.
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science,
- Federal Agency for Youth Affairs.
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring,
- Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources,
- Federal Agency for Water Resources,
- Federal Agency for Forestry,
- Federal Agency for Mineral Resources.
Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation
- Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology.
Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East
Ministry of North Caucasus Affairs
Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media,
- Federal Agency for Press and Mass Media,
- Federal Communications Agency.
Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision,
- Federal Agency for Fishery.
Ministry of Sport of the Russian Federation
Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation
Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Supervision of Transport,
- Federal Agency for Air Transport,
- Federal Road Agency,
- Federal Agency for Rail Transport,
- Federal Agency for Sea and Inland Water Transport.
Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
- Federal Service for Labour and Employment.
Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation
- Federal Taxation Service,
- Federal Service for Fiscal and Budgetary Supervision,
- Federal Treasury.
Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation
- Federal Accreditation Service,
- Federal Registration Service,
- Federal Service for Intellectual Property,
- Federal Agency for State Reserves,
- Federal Agency for State Property Management.
Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation
There is also a number of federal agencies and services that are not subordinate to the Russian ministries, specifically:
- Foreign Intelligence Service;
- Federal Security Service;
- Federal Service for Drug Control;
- Federal Guard Service;
- Federal Service for Financial Monitoring;
- Chief Directorate for Special Programmes of the Russian President;
- Administrative Directorate of the President of the Russian Federation;
- Federal Anti-Monopoly Service;
- Federal Service for State Statistics;
- Federal Migration Service;
- Federal Service for the Oversight of Consumer Protection and Welfare;
- Federal Service for Alcohol Market Regulation;
- Federal Customs Service;
- Federal Service for Environmental, Technological, and Nuclear Supervision;
- Federal Space Agency;
- Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations;
- Federal Agency for the Development of State Border Infrastructure;
- State Courier Service;
- Federal Agency for Ethnic Affairs.